Narcissism in Pakistani Urdu Fiction: Factors and Manifestations


  • Muhammad Anwar Haris Ph.D Scholar, Minhaj University Lahore
  • Dr. Fazeelat Bano Assistant Professor Minhaj University Lahore


Greek mythology, Reflecting Mirror, Human Behaviour, Narcissism, Self-persecution, Egoism, Mental Angxiety, Society, Fiction, Psycological Conflict


Narcissim is a term derived from an ancient Greek mythological story in which a man wears a self-reflection device through a mirror. Psychologically, narcissism plays a key role in human personality. In the twentieth century, through modern scientific research, psychologists have come to the conclusion that narcissistic tendencies play a major role in the ups and downs of human behavior. Narcissism has created a stir in literature’s conjuring of mysterious worlds filled with soulful music. Narcissism is a psychological phenomenon that ranges from self-loathing, egotism, intense mental anxiety and intense feeling of love to sexual tendencies of beauty and love. In our daily life, we find many people around us who have become addicted to something. The subconscious beauty of intellect and madness and the talisman Hosh Riba of love and sensuality seek the interpretation of melodious dreams. It is as if narcissism becomes such a mirror and joins them inside, which can be seen in the external life of these people. In the 20th century, the phenomenon of narcissism at the psychological level has affected ou r soeicty and society. Like other social persons, intellectuals and writers have also not been separated from narcissistic inclinations based on psychological struggle. The formation of Urdu fiction is an arc of coloring of various elements embellished with the factors of narcissistic emotions and feelings.


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How to Cite

Muhammad Anwar Haris, and Dr. Fazeelat Bano. “Narcissism in Pakistani Urdu Fiction: Factors and Manifestations”. Zaban-O-Adab, vol. 16, no. 2, Dec. 2023, pp. 184-9, //