Orientalism: Allama Iqbal and Edward Saeed's Intellectual Dimensions: A Review


  • Dr. Muhammad Iftikhar Shafi Professor of Urdu, Govt. College, Sahiwal
  • Dr. Muhammad Rafeeq ul Islam Chairperson, Department of Iqbalyat & Philosophy, The Islamia University, Bahwalpur


Orientalism, Historical, Psychoanalysis, Colonialism, Intellectual, Exploitation, Linguistic, Reconstruction


Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Edward Saeed, notable critics of Orientalism, offer distinct perspectives shaped by the historical contexts in which they emerged. Iqbal's critique unfolded during British colonialism, reflecting his deep religious convictions. In contrast, Edward Said's analysis arose in the post-colonial era, characterized by a secular outlook as a Christian. Despite their religious differences, both thinkers meticulously scrutinized Western knowledge through their unique lenses. This article provides a comprehensive exploration of the viewpoints of these intellectual giants within the realm of Oriental studies. It delves into the nuanced analyses presented by Iqbal and Said, shedding light on how their diverse backgrounds and temporal contexts influenced their critiques of Western perspectives on the East. Through this comparative examination, the article aims to offer insights into the evolution of Orientalist criticism and the enduring relevance of their contributions in shaping our understanding of intercultural relations.


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How to Cite

Dr. Muhammad Iftikhar Shafi, and Dr. Muhammad Rafeeq ul Islam. “Orientalism: Allama Iqbal and Edward Saeed’s Intellectual Dimensions: A Review”. Zaban-O-Adab, vol. 16, no. 2, Dec. 2023, pp. 168-83, //zabanoadab.gcuf.edu.pk/index.php/1/article/view/154.