critical study of initial pushto resistance literature, before Ghani Khan

Authors

  • Irfanullah Ph.D. Scholar, Dept. of Urdu, Federal Urdu University Karachi
  • Dr. Yasmeen Sultana Asstt. Professor, Dept. of Urdu, Federal Urdu University Karachi

Keywords:

Pushtoon wali, Mughal Wala, Tapa, Charbeta, Loba, Pathan

Abstract

The Pashto language is the oldest language, as per critics, it is thousands of years old. Like other great literature, Pashto also starts its poetic Journey from their basic folk traditional common poetry like “Tapa” (two-line stanza). Pashto “Tapa” represents the history of Pashto language as well as Pashto resistance and revolutionary poetry. As we know poetry represents the circumstances and surroundings of a particular era, the History of Pushtoon shows that they had always been in war against the invaders, therefore profound portion of Pashto poetry expresses the element of resistance against such condition, that’s why initial poets of Pashto poetry contain these war elements and endurance in their poetry like Ameer Karoor, Malik Yar Georges, Baba Hootak and Khush Hal Khan Khatak. Even though, Rehman Baba who is recognized as a spiritual (Sofia) poet had this element of resistance and revolution in his poetry. For example, he says under a cruel ruler there is no difference in Peshawar, grave and home. After this Abdul Hameed Mashokhail, Kazim Khan Shaida, Ahmed Shah Abdali and Noor Deen are also acknowledged for their resistance and revolutionary poetry.

References

Raza Hamdani, “Razmia Dastanain”, Lok Wirsa, Islamabad, 1981, P5.

Qasim Yaqoob, “Urdu Shairi per Jangon kay asrat”, City Book Depot, Karachi, 2015, P83

As above, P.85

Mazhar Jameel, “Guftugoo”, Mataba-i-Danyal, Karachi, 1986, P276, 277, 278.

Hamesh Khalil, “Jangi Charbete”, Mataba-i-Danyal, Karachi, 1986, P280.

Muhammad Haneef, “Pa Pukhto ki Tarqee Pasand Tehreek O Pukhto Taraqee Pasand Shairi”, Ghaznavi Ketab Paloorzai, Quetta, 2014, P.189, 190.

H. Sahibzada, “Lok Geet (Mazmoon), Mashoola Attock kay us Paar”, SN, P544.

Mazhar Jameel, “Guftugoo”, Mataba-i-Danyal, Karachi, 1986, P 281.

Published

2021-12-30

How to Cite

Irfanullah, & Dr. Yasmeen Sultana. (2021). critical study of initial pushto resistance literature, before Ghani Khan. Zaban-O-Adab, 14(2), 72-83. Retrieved from //zabanoadab.gcuf.edu.pk/index.php/1/article/view/61