Cultural Dialogue in West and East: In the World and the Novel


  • Alia Nikhat Ph.D Scholar, Deptt. Of Urdu, BZU, Multan
  • Dr. Qazi Abdul RehmanAbid Professor, Deptt. Of Urdu, BZU, Multan


Novel, cultural studies, culture studies, S.P. Huntington, Francis Focoyama, 9/11 attack, criticism


Soon after the 9/11 the world changed its shape and the literature and the studies of literature also adopted new ways to understand contemporary World. After the influenced, books of S.P Huntington and Francis Focoyama the critics also evaluated the literature in this context. It was the new way of cultural studies or culture studies.In this article three Urdu novels have been studied and the result of this study is that many different cultures have a profound dialogue among each other. The cultures of colonizers and the colonized and the culture of apparently independent countries also influence and make meaning full dialogues.


Samuel P Hungtington, “TehzeebonkaTasadum”, Translated by SohailAnjum, Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2003, P 19

As above, P 20

As above, P 153

SajjadZaheer, “London kiaikRaat”, Karachi: Maktaba-e-Danial, 1947, P 10

As above, P 24

As above, P 26

As above, P 27

BanoQudsia, “HasilGhaat”, Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publication, 2003, P 14

As above, P 19

As above, P 147

As above, P 271

Hassan Manzar, “Al-asfa”, Karachi: Shehrzad Publishers, 2006, P 99

As above, P 139

As above, P 140

As above, P 159, 160



How to Cite

Alia Nikhat, & Dr. Qazi Abdul RehmanAbid. (2021). Cultural Dialogue in West and East: In the World and the Novel. Zaban-O-Adab, 14(2), 84-98. Retrieved from //