Metaphoric Expression of Al-Meraj in Urdu Ghazal


  • Tahira Inaam Phd Scholar, Urdu Department, G C Women University, Faisal Abad
  • Dr. Zamurrad Kousar Associate Professor, G C Women University, Faisal Abad


Urdu, Ghazal, Metapher, Al-miraaj, Religion


On the face of it, Ghazal seems to be bound by restraints  but it is an unparalleled genre when it comes to the variety of dimensions. Ghazal has the power to conceal reality within layers of metaphoric expression. All aspects of physical and spiritual reference to humankind are intertwined in its essence. In our instance, the symbolism and intricacies of the Ghazal have benefited equally from the region, civilisation, beliefs, social interaction and history.Mythical and historic as well as religious references have been expanding the perimeter of meaning in terms of allusions and metaphor. In our instance, Urdu Ghazal's use of historic allusions and symbolism with regard to religious reference has been analysed. However, similar endeavours have not taken place in order to trace the significance of Al-Miraaj in the intricate layers of Ghazal. Generally, the Prophetic miracles (SAW) have been associated with the literature of Naat. Yet, analysing the ambiguity and mystery of Ghazal in view of the above-mentioned aspect will certainly be a matter of great interest. In all ages, Ghazal has demonstrated various manners of expression related to Al-Miraaj.”


Wali Deccani, Kuliyat–e-wali edited by: Noor-Ul-Hassan Hashmi,Dr, New Dehli: National Council For promotion of Urdu Language, 2008, P.171

As Above p.288

Siraj Orang Abadi, Kuliyat-e-Siraj, edited by: Abdul Qadir Sarwari, Hyderabad Deccan, 1940,p.230

As above p.309

As above p.232

As above p.288

Abroo, Shah Mubarak, Dewan-e-Abroo, edited by: Muhammad Hassan, Dr, Aligarh: Idara-e-tasneef, 1969, P.40

As above p.280

As above p.118

As above p.193

Jameel Jalbi, Dr, Tareekh-e-Adab-e-Urdu volume 2, part-2 Dehli: Educational Publishing House, 1984, p. 744

Dard, Khawaja Meer, Dewan-e-Dard edited by: Naseem Ahmad,Dr, New Dehli: National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language 2003, p.119

As above p.160

Shafi Dehlvi, Khawaja Muhammad, Sharah Dewan-e-Dard, Dehli, 1941, p.13

As above p.122

As above p.157

As above p.217

Jameel Jalbi, Dr, Tareekh-e-Adab-e-Urdu volume 2, part-2 p.783

As above p.910

Mushafi, Ghulam Hamdani, Kuliyat-e-Mushafi, Dewan-e-Awwal edited by: Noor-ul-Hassan Naqvi, Dr, Lahore: Majlis Taraqi-e-Adab 1968, p.140

Mushafi, Dewan-e-Duwam p.108

As above p.240

As above p.340

Mubeen Mirza, Essay “Naat aur Urdu Ki Sheri Tehzeeb” included: Naat Rang Volume-25,August-2015, P.25

As above p.126

Jurrat, Sheikh Qalander Bakhash, Kuliyat-e-Jurrat, Lakhnao: Matbah Karnama, 1883,p.120

As above p.126

As above p.262

As above p.363

Aatish, Haider Ali, Kuliyat –e-Aatish, Lakhnao: Matba Nawal Kishor, 1915, p.12

As above p.69

Zouq, Sheikh Muhammad Ibrahim, Kuliyat-e-Zouq, edited by: Tanvir Ahmad Alvi,Dr, Lahore: Majlis Taraqi-e-adab 1966, p.144

As above p.198

As above p.212

As above p.308

Ghalib, Asadullah Khan, Dewan-e-Ghalib, edited by: Imtiaz Ali Arshi, Lahore: Majlis Taraqi-e-adab 2011,p.186

As above p.13

Shafaq Rizwi, Prof, Essay “Ghalib Bahuzoor-Sarwar-e-Kianat mein” include Naat Rang Vol.12 October-2001 p.252

As above p.188

Zafar, Bahadar Shah, Kuliyat-e-Zafar Vol.1 Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications 2000, p.357

As above p.620

As above p.111

Momin, Kuliyat-e-Momin, edited by: Kalb Ali Khan Faiq, Lahore: Majlis Taraqi-e-adab 2008, p.98

As above p.82

Dagh Dehlvi, Mehtab-e-Dagh, Deccan: Matbah Aziz 1310 A.H p.30

Dagh Delhvi, Gulzar-e-Dagh, Lakhnao: Nayyar Press 1296 A.H p.180

As above, p. 276

Mehtab e dagh, p. 106

Ameer menai, Miraat ul gheib, kanpoor:matba nawal kishore, 1904,p.140

As above, p. 163

Shaad Azeem Abadi, mekhana e Ilhaam,Edited by:Hameed Azeem Abadi ,Patna :Barqi Machine Press, 1938,p.17

As above, p. 123

Fani Badayuni, Kuliat e fani, Edited by:Zaheer Ahmad Siddiqi ,Dr, New Dehli:National council for promotion of Urdu language, 1993,p.82

As above p.130

Hasrat Mohani, Kuliyat-e-Hasrat, Second Edition, Karachi, 1997 p.152

As above p.312

Asghar Gondvi, Kuliyat-e-Asghar, Lahore: Maktabah Sher-o-Adab, 1976, p.40

As above p.120

As above p.92

As above p.78

Aziz Lakhnawi, Anjum Kadah, Aligarh: Anjuman Taraqi-e-Urdu Hind, 1959, p.89

As above p.93

Jigar Murad Abadi, Kuliyat-e-Jigar, Lahore: Book talk, 2012,p.620

As above p.261

As above p.416

Firaq Gorakh Puri, Jahan-e-Firaq, edited by Taj Saeed, Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 1991, p.306

As above p.175

Seemab Akbar Abadi, Naqoosh, Ghazal Number,4th edition, Lahore, October 1995, p.178

Ehsan Danish, Naqoosh, Ghazal Number, p.210

Tahir ul Qadri, Dr, Falsafa-e-Miraj un Nabi, Lahore: Minhaj ul Quran Publications 2005, p.98-99

Akbar Haidri, Naqoosh Ghazal Number p.457

Amjad Islam Amjad, Satwan Dar, Lahore: Mawra Publishers, p.143

Nasir Kazmi, Barg-e-Nay, Second Edition, Lahore, 1957, p.81

Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi, Dasht-e-Wafa, Lahore: Asateer, 2000, p.133

Gopi Chand Narang, Saniha-e-Karbala Bator Sheri Isteyara, Dehli: educational Publishing House, 1986, p.13-14

As above p. 38

As above p.19

Hafeez Jalandhari, Naghma Zar, Maktabah Yaadgar, 1974, p.142

As above p.172

Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi, Naqoosh, Ghazal Number, p.228

Sher Afzal Jafri, Naat Rang, Vol.19, 2000, p.128

Pirzada Qasim, Naat Rang Vol.19, 2000 p.135

Abid Sial, Beystoon, Islamabad, 2012, p.25

Majid Siddiqui, Sukhan Naab, Rawalpindi: Apna Idara, 1987, p.149



How to Cite

Tahira Inaam, & Dr. Zamurrad Kousar. (2021). Metaphoric Expression of Al-Meraj in Urdu Ghazal. Zaban-O-Adab, 14(1), 207-230. Retrieved from //